Organic vs. Conventional Gardening
Organic gardening has become incredibly popular.
It varies from conventional gardening in methods of pest control, weed control, and fertilization.
Organic gardening refers to growing plants using only natural methods to take care of their gardens. It does not include use of synthetic or chemical methods for pest control, weed control, or fertilization. The first benefit of organic gardening is that it is environmentally friendly and won’t harm the earth, soil or waterways. Rather, the organic fertilizer can improve soil quality. Organically grown foods are also better for you. They have higher levels of nutrients than conventionally grown foods have. If you want to eat organically, you will save a lot of money by growing your own organic food rather than buying it at the store. Instead of using store-bought fertilizers, pest controls or weed killers that are expensive, organic gardening uses compost. Compost is made from things you already have such as leaves, wood chips, and scraps from fruits and vegetables. You can also use homemade methods such as sprays and soaps for pest control. Another form of pest control is simply buying seeds and growing plants that will attract beneficial insects. Manual labor and mulch is needed for weed control. The most important benefit of organic gardening is that you won’t be exposed to chemicals from conventional weed killers or pesticides. The chemicals from the weed killers go into the soil that your plants need for nourishment. Pesticides can also remain on the surface of your crops and may even go deeper. Therefore, organic foods are much safer for you and the earth. However, there are some negative aspects of organic gardening. It requires much more time and labor because of tasks including companion planting, composting, manual weeding, hauling manure and more. You will also have smaller yields with organic gardening since nutrition delivery through composting is a slow-release method. But you will be naturally enriching the soil your plants grow in. Another issue is that organic methods of pesticide control may not be as strong as other methods, so some of your plants will be eaten by pests.
Conventional gardening relies on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides to care for the garden. There are definitely some benefits to choosing conventional gardening. It will require less time and labor since you will be using store-bought pesticides and fertilizers. These pesticides will immediately get rid of pests and the fertilizer will instantly increase the size of your plants. They are pretty cheap at about $10-$15 dollars per bag, but it is still more than free compost. Conventional gardening produces much higher yields than organic gardening does, so you get more for your money. Of course, there are negative aspects to conventional gardening. The most significant is that pesticide exposure can lead to many negative health effects such as nerve damage, cancer and birth defects. Your pets are also affected by pesticides and can have negative health effects. In addition, conventional foods aren’t as nutritious as organically grown foods, which is especially significant to children’s health as they will have reduced nutrient absorption. Lastly, conventional gardening is bad for the environment. Chemicals from fertilizers can end up in lakes and rivers, where they disrupt the natural ecosystem. Fertilizers and pesticides also contaminate groundwater, which will end up in our tap water we drink. Conventional fertilizers can also encourage weak plant growth, since the fertilizer takes care of the growth. After considering the pros and cons of both conventional and organic gardening, one might be better for you than the other. However, you can always mix some conventional methods with organic methods.